Abbas Saton, an Eritrean, was the sole survivor of the most recently reported boat migrant tragedy.
[VIDEO REMOVED 16 July 2012]
Interview by Lorenzo Pezzani, organised by Farouk Ben Lhiba and filmed by Charles Heller.
This is the testimony of Abbas Saton, the sole survivor of 56 in the most recent reported boat tragedy of migrants making the Mediterranean crossing.
The interview was conducted on 11 July, at Zarzis Hospital by Lorenzo Pezzani, the Boats4People campaign and the Forensic Architecture research project at Goldsmiths University, London.
The boat Saton was travelling on was carrying 56 people, before it sunk into the sea with its passengers while attempting the sea journey from Libya to Italy.
Saton, an Eritrean, said 56 people boarded the boat in Libya in late June. He reported that all the other passengers died of dehydration during a 15-day ordeal.
"This is a tragedy," said T. Alexander Aleinikoff, Deputy High Commissioner for Refugees. "Fifty four people have lost their lives."
Fishermen found the survivor off the Tunisian coast last night. They alerted the Tunisian Coast Guard who rescued the man. He was immediately taken to Zarzis hospital where he is being treated for dehydration and exposure.
Saton said that the boat left from Tripoli in Libya in late June and a day later the boat reached the Italian coast, but high winds forced the boat back to sea. Within a few days the inflatable boat was punctured and air started to leak out.
According to the survivor, there was no water on board and people started to die of dehydration within days. Many drank sea water, including the man who survived. He was rescued floating on the remains of the boat and a jerry can. According to the survivor over half of the deceased were from Eritrea, including three of his relatives.
"I call upon all vessels at sea to be on heightened alert for migrants and refugees needing rescue in the Mediterranean," said Aleinikoff. "The Mediterranean is one of the busiest seaways in the world and it is imperative that the time honoured tradition of rescue at sea be upheld."
So far in 2012, over 1,300 people have arrived by boat from Libya in Italy. A boat, reportedly carrying 50 Eritreans and Somalis, is currently at sea. They refused to be rescued by Maltese military forces yesterday.
Over 1,000 people on 14 boats have arrived in Malta from Libya so far this year. Two other boats were intercepted by Maltese authorities, but the majority elected not to be rescued and continued to Italy.
UNHCR Italy estimates that so far this year some 170 people have been declared dead or lost at sea attempting to make the journey from Libya to Europe.